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{ Warning

Never allow a child to wear the seat belt with the shoulder belt behind

their back. A child can be seriously injured by not wearing the

lap-shoulder belt properly. In a crash, the child would not be

restrained by the shoulder belt. The child could move too far forward

increasing the chance of head and neck injury. The child might also

slide under the lap belt. The belt force would then be applied right

on the abdomen. That could cause serious or fatal injuries. The

shoulder belt should go over the shoulder and across the chest.



Infants and Young Children

Everyone in a vehicle needs

protection! This includes infants and

all other children. Neither the distance traveled nor the age and size of the

traveler changes the need, for

everyone, to use safety restraints. In fact, the law in every state in the

United States and in every Canadian

province says children up to some age must be restrained while in a vehicle.



{ Warning

Children can be seriously injured or strangled if a shoulder belt is

wrapped around their neck. The shoulder belt can tighten but

cannot be loosened if it is locked. The shoulder belt locks when it is pulled all the way out of the

retractor. It unlocks when the

shoulder belt is allowed to go all

the way back into the retractor, but it cannot do this if it is wrapped

around a childs neck. If the

shoulder belt is locked and

tightened around a childs neck, the only way to loosen the belt is to

cut it.

Never leave children unattended in a vehicle and never allow children

to play with the seat belts.

Every time infants and young children ride in vehicles, they should have the protection provided by appropriate

child restraints. Neither the vehicle's

seat belt system nor its airbag system is designed for them.




Children who are not restrained properly can strike other people,

or can be thrown out of the vehicle.


{ Warning



Never hold an infant or a child while riding in a vehicle. Due to crash forces, an infant or a child will become so heavy it is not

possible to hold it during a crash. For example, in a crash at only

40 km/h (25 mph), a 5.5 kg (12 lb) infant will suddenly become a

110 kg (240 lb) force on a person's arms. An infant or child should be

secured in an appropriate restraint.



{ Warning

Children who are up against,

or very close to, any airbag when it inflates can be seriously injured or killed. Never put a rear-facing child restraint in the front outboard seat.

Secure a rear-facing child restraint in a rear seat. It is also better to

secure a forward-facing child

restraint in a rear seat. If you must secure a forward-facing child

restraint in the front outboard seat, always move the front passenger

seat as far back as it will go.

Child restraints are devices used to

restrain, seat, or position children in the vehicle and are sometimes called child seats or car seats.

There are three basic types of child restraints:

. Forward-facing child restraints

. Rearward-facing child restraints

. Belt-positioning booster seats The proper child restraint for your

child depends on their size, weight, and age, and also on whether the

child restraint is compatible with the vehicle in which it will be used.